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2016年00015英语(二)复习资料-串讲笔记第二部分:系动词1

山西自考网 发布时间:2015年11月06日

    英语除动词be之外,还有一些动词也可以作系动词,如表示状态或情况的:keep,look,feel,appear,lie,remain,seem,stay,smell,sound,taste等;以及表示变化的:get,grow,turn,fall,run,become,go等。下面大家来分析一下带系动词的句子结构。

1.系动词后面带名词从句

    Good manners are the happy way of doing things.

    It seemed to him that he had never worked so hard in his life.

2.系动词后面带形容词

    She sounded rather surprised on the phone.

    Sit down.Just stay calm and you will be alright.

3.to be 可以加在seem,prove,remain,appear等系动词和其后的名词或形容词之间,但也可以省略。

    The task proved (to be) impossible.

    They seem (to be) such friendly people,but they never replied to our invitation.

    What has happened remains (to be) a mystery.

    The problem first appeared (to be) unsolvable,but later we came up with a very good solution.

    注意:在seem,appear等词后,可加其他非 to be 的不定式,但这时,它们则不是系动词而是不及物动词。

串讲笔记第二部分:most

.most

    是much,many的最高级形式,放在多音节的形容词或副词前面构成该词的最高级形式,一般来说它的结构为“the most...”。

    This is the most difficult question I have ever been forced to answer.

    Among all my employees,Jim works the most efficiently.

    然而,most也可以表示“非常”、“很”的意思,这时most前面不加the,这一用法较正式,口语中用very更好。

    I will be most grateful if you could grant me the scholarship.

    It was a most beautiful morning and the birds were singing in the trees.

    She is a most pleasant person to talk to.

    I shall be most happy to go downtown with you if I should not be in the way.(要是不妨碍你们的话,我非常愿意和你们一起去市中心。)

    He argued his case most persuasively(有说服力地).

    Whatever happens,I shall most certainly attend the meeting.

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