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大学自考英语(二)8

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年07月23日

短语表达 

1. a great deal

There is a great deal of concern about energy shortage.

We learned a great deal from her.

2. be like

Look at the little boy, he is so much like his father.

War is not like what he described in his novel.

3. have time for

I dont know why he didnt have time for breakfast.

Dont worry, we will have enough time for discussion.

4. engage in

He is trying very hard to engage the woman in further conversation.

It is not appropriate for a former president to engage in commerce.

5. take care of

The old people are well taken care of in the nursing homes.

She took care of her little brother while mother was away.

6. in some / many respects

in one / this respect

He is different from the people around him in many respects.

We are lagging behind at least in one respect.

7. except

I knew nothing about Jane except what I had heard at the party.

There was nothing we could do except wait and pray.

All the boys except Tom went camping last week.

In the evening she never went anywhere except to the nearest coffee house.

8. connect with

There is no evidence to connect the young man with the theft.

Good health is connected with diet.

There are serious questions connected with the radioactive waste disposal (放射性废料的处理).

9. make improvement in

The company made great improvement in the wages and working conditions of the employees.

Animals do not make any real improvement in their ways of doing things.

10. by instinct

She knew by instinct that he wouldnt be back.

Birds build their nests by instinct.

11. speak of

Professor Blackwell always speaks highly of his assistant.

Did he speak of the serious earthquake that struck Taiwan last week?

12. let out

Let me out,” the boy shouted,but nobody came.

The prisoners were let out of their cells.

13. as if

He looked at me as if I were mad.

She opened her eyes as if conscious of my gaze.

He works so hard as if he never knew fatigue.

14. have ones wits about one〔机警,保持警觉〕

In this part of the city you have to have your wits about you all the time.

He felt it unnecessary to have his wits about him on such a friendly occasion.

15. a variety of

Dont bother him, he has a variety of duties to perform.

The college library has a wide variety of books.

16. difference between

Will you please tell me the difference between the two countries?

I cannot see any difference between the two oil paintings.

20064月《英语二》笔记串讲06-04-16 17:18  发表于:《梦想北京》 分类:未分类

主要内容:

 

  1.考试预测及备考指南

 

  2.重点语法常识讲解

 

  3.课文重点句子复习

 

  4.解题思路及答题技巧

 

  一.考试预测及备考指南

 

  考试预测

 

  1.此次考试会不会考书上的内容?占的比例大概有多大?

 

  根据最近两年英语的出题情况,似乎已经形成了一个规律:下半年考书上的内容较多,第一、四、五、六大题几乎全部出自下册教材,分值占到45分;而上半年则只有第四和第六大题的一部分从书上出,约占20分。2006年上半年会不会仍然沿袭这一趋势呢?我认为不会。教材所占比例应该和05年下半年相似,所以复习仍应以教材为主,熟读课文,多做从教材上出的模拟题,力争准确快速地完成与教材有关的几个大题,并为其他大题节约时间。

 

  2A课文和B课文各占多大比例?英语中英语占多大的比例?

 

  无论是英语还是英语,都主要以考A课文为主,B课文的句子一般只出现在第一、第四和第五大题中,最多占十分。在某些年份的英语考题中,课文比重本来就占得很少的,几乎没有B课文的内容。英语一般不直接考英语课文中的句子,只是涉及基础语法和一些常见的单词。

 

  3.汉译英一般从教材什么地方选句子?

 

  英语的第六大题即汉译英主要以书上的句子为主。其出处包括A课文、A课文后的WordStudyExplanatoryNotes中的例句、与课文有关的汉译英练习及语法练习。如果考生没有时间一一复习,可以以前两项为主。复习时不能光翻一翻,一带而过,一定要动笔做,务必使自己的译文和书上的译文尽可能接近。

 

  4.语法主要考哪些项目?

 

  英语最常考的语法项目包括:动词时态和语态、非谓语动词、虚拟语气、定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句、比较级、语序、主谓一致、强调句、基本句型。

 

  *最常考的时态:现在完成时、过去完成时、过去时、一般现在时和将来完成时。

 

  *最常考的非谓语动词:独立结构、动名词作某些动词的宾语、非谓语动词作定语和状语。

 

  *最常考的虚拟语气:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句和主句。

 

  *最常考的定语从句:where引导的定语从句、名词/代词+of+which引导的定语从句。

 

  *名词性从句:what,whether引导的主语或宾语从句、that引导的同位语从句。

 

  *状语从句:nowthat,inthat,incase,as,while引导的状语从句。

 

  5.哪些词最有可能考单词拼写?

 

  严格来说,只要是考纲中包括的词都有可能出现在单词拼写大题中,但是从历年考题可以看出,某些词的命中率要高于其它词,有些词甚至反复考过,这说明考生在背单词的时候还是可以在全面覆盖的基础之上突出重点、提高效率的。在这里大家不可能一一罗列重要的词汇,下面是我总结的英语常考单词的特点:

 

  l绝大部分是长度在5-8个字母之间的中等难度的词,如:victim,gesture等;

 

  l拼写和读音不完全对称的词,如:dumb,subtle等。

 

  l个别非常简单、但课文中不是很常见的名词,如:tube

 

  l从词性上来看,最常考的依次是名词、形容词、动词、和副词。

 

  在复习这些单词时,一定要以考试大纲为准,而不能只背教材后面的生词表。一方面,教材后面的生词表中包含了不少超刚词,完全不会考到;另一方面,对英语来说,从下册教材生词表中出的单词只占三分之一,不可能涵盖所有要考的内容。同样在复习时一定要讲究准确性,确保背一个记准一个,而不能只是记个大概,最后写出来每个都差不多但每个都有错。

 

  复习建议

 

  针对上述预测,大家如何制定冲刺阶段的复习计划呢?下面是我推荐的三步复习法。

 

  1.第一步,应该抽出半个月到二十天的时间,把书上可能考到的内容好好地总结一下。课文中涉及的重要的语法现象,如带虚拟语气、独立主格的句子,接动名词作宾语的动词,倒装句,强调句,what,that,whether引导的从句等,最好都分类摘抄下来。

 

  2.做完整理工作后,应该进入下一步,即通过一定量的模拟训练来熟悉考试题型、提高实战能力。模拟训练应注意以下几点:

 

  1做题时,一定要独立完成。不管做题的过程多么困难,都要硬着头皮去做,只有这样才能在考场上发挥自如。

 

  2保持一定的频率也很重要。至少一周应该完成两套题,否则达不到强化的效果。

 

  3及时总结。如果做完几套题后反复出现同样的错误,一定要请老师对相关内容作详细的讲解,并针对性地多做巩固练习,直到问题得到真正的解决。

 

  4做完十套左右的模拟题后,应该再做几套最近几年的真题。这时你可以对自己的实际水平有一个比较准确的估计。哪些方面是你的长处,哪些方面还存在薄弱环节,并利用最后一两周的时间来进行弥补。

 

  5除了做题,这三个月期间应该天天坚持的是背单词。每天抽出半个小时至一个小时,把大纲词汇包括后面的词组至少从头至尾完整地过一遍,有可能考拼写的重点单词要动笔抄写,常用活用的词要记搭配,容易混淆的词放在一起进行比较。

 

  3.最后一周的总复习。考试前的最后一周应该再来一次全面的总复习。复习内容包括第一步中抄下来的课文中的重点句子、第二步作题时纪录下来的常出错的语法项,重点的单词,和总结出来的答题技巧。如果还有时间,也可以把最后做过的真题再做一遍。相信经过精心的计划和充分的准备,此刻的你一定成竹在胸,胜券在握了。

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

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