1.[阅读选择]In 1841,a book was published which astonished the world. It was called "ncidents of Travel in Central America,Chiapas and Yucatan"。 The author John Loud Stephens had just returned from a long,difficult and dangerous journey through the thick rain forest of southern Mexico and Guatemala. He had once been there with Frederick Catherwood,an architect and artist,to search for the remains of a lost civilization known as the Mayas（玛雅）.Very little was known about the Mayas at that time, but Catherwood's drawing in the book showed incredible cities with temples,pyramids and other buildings as impressive as those of their northern neighbors,the Aztecs. These cities,however,were deserted. The inhabitants（居民） had disappeared almost a thousand years before.
Stephen's book astonished the world because ______.
A.it was the first time people heard about Mayas.
B.the Mayas were excellent builders and farmers.
C.he had experienced so many difficulties to find this lost civilization.
D.it described that the Mayas used to be an advanced civilization.
答案解析：根据问题中的关键词astonished，把本问题定位在第一句In 1841,a book was published which astonished the world.对下面的几个重要事实的归纳概括就得出正确答案：D.
1.[阅读选择]The violence within a society is controlled through institutions of law. The more developed a legal system becomes,the more society takes responsibility for the discovery,control,and punishment of violent acts. In most tribal societies the only means to deal with an act of violence is revenge. Each family group may have the responsibility for personally carrying out judgment and punishment upon the person who committed the offense. But in legal systems,the responsibility for revenge becomes depersonalized and diffused. The society assumes the responsibility for protecting individuals from violence. In cases where they cannot be protected,the society is responsible for imposing punishment.
The function of legal systems,according to the passage,is ______.
A.to control violence within a society
B.to protect the world from chaos
C.to free society from the idea of revenge
D.to give the government absolute power
答案解析：本段的第一句话The violence within a society is controlled through institutions of law 是本题的答案。